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Bone Marrow Transplant

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Are you suffering from a critical health condition such as aplastic anemia, leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, congenital neutropenia, sickle cell anemia or thalassemia? Has chemotherapy for one these conditions damaged your bone marrow?

Then you must consider visiting an expert regarding a Bone Marrow Transplant. It is a procedure of replacing damaged or diseased stem cells in your bone marrow with healthy ones.

Leukemia is a condition in which the body becomes incapable of producing new blood cells, specifically leukocytes. Thus, there is a shortage of antibodies, making the body susceptible to several diseases. It is essential to allow the body to prepare better blood cells to carry out day-to-day functioning smoothly. This can be made possible through a Bone Marrow Transplant for Leukemia.

You have the luxury to browse and go through every detail regarding a bone marrow transplant which very closely resembles a blood transplant surgery in procedure. Thereafter, you may book surgery packages online based upon your needs and preferences.

There are precisely two ways of approaching this:

  1. If you must undergo a chemotherapy and radiation therapy session, then your healthy bone marrow stem cells are collected and stored prior to your therapy and surgery for Leukemia. These are then preserved and restored in your body with the help of a Bone Marrow Transplant, post exposure to radiation that kills stem cells along with carcinogenic cells. This is known as an Autologous Transplant which prevents complications such as GVHD.
  2. If you already have a damaged bone marrow and will be unable to act as your own donor, then a close genetic match is to be found. Healthy stem cells from the bone marrow of this donor must be collected and supplied to your bloodstream. This is known as Allogeneic Transplant which increases risk of conditions like GVHD.

There is also a third method which is more or less an allogeneic type, wherein healthy young stem cells from the umbilical cord of a baby are collected and stored in stem cell banks. These are then retrieved and replaced in the receiver’s body. Despite being an Allogeneic kind of a transplant, it has reduced risk of GVHD due to usage of extremely immature stem cells.

The stem cells can be collected either through the hipbones of the donor through a needle, or through a process called Leukapheresis wherein the stem cells are drawn into the blood stream under an applied voltage, and white blood cells are separated out during collection.

Procedure:

With the help of a Central Venous Catheter set up in the upper right portion of your chest, the new stem cells are introduced into your body through the heart that channelizes it to the rest of the body and into the bone marrow. In most cases, a surgical procedure is not required.

Post procedure, the patient’s blood count is to be monitored for several days, and if a rise in the blood count is observed, it is said to be a successful transplant because the body has adapted and has begun to produce new blood cells.

However this transplant makes one susceptible to several diseases and risks. One must understand and accept the risks before agreeing to undergo the surgery. Maintenance and post-operation care is a must for all patients considering such a procedure.

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